Maputo Declaration of African Civil Society on Climate Justice

maputo declaration of african civil society on climate justice

Climate justice advocates, community peoples and mass movements’ representatives met in Maputo, Mozambique from 21-23 April 2015 to consider the roots, manifestations and impacts of climate change on Africa and to consider needed responses to the crises.

At the end of the deliberations it was agreed that Africa is disproportionately impacted by the climate crisis although she has not significantly contributed to the problem. The conference also noted that the climate crisis is systemic in nature and is a result of defective economic and political systems that require urgent overhaul. In particular, the meeting considered that Africa has been massively plundered over the centuries and continues to suffer severe impacts from resource exploitation and related conflicts.

The meeting noted that the Africa Rising narrative is based on the faulty premises of neoliberalism using tools like discredited measures of GDP and is presented as a bait to draw the continent deeper into extractivism and to promote consumerism.

The meeting further noted human and environmental rights abuses on the continent, as well as the ecological, economic, financial crises, all adversely affect her peoples and impair their capacity to adapt to, mitigate impacts and build collective resilience to climate change.

The meeting frowned at the widening gap between our governments and the grassroots and the increasing corporate capture of African governments and public institutions. These constitute obstacles to the securing climate justice for our peoples.

The long walk to climate justice requires mass education of our populace, as well as our policy makers, on the underpinnings of the climate crisis, the vigorous assertion of our rights and the forging ahead with real alternatives including those of social and political structures and systems. It also demands collective and popular struggles to resist neo-colonialism, new forms of oppression and new manifestations of violence including criminalisation of activists and social movements, and xenophobia. We recognise that as climate change worsens, it will increase the resource crunch and migrations and will lead to more conflicts between people. We also recognise that the exploitation of migrant labour by corporations often leads to conflicts between neighbouring countries.

With justice and equality as the irreducible minimum, the conference further noted and declared as follows:

  1. All nations must act together to ensure that global average temperature rise does not go beyond 1.5 degrees Celsius above preindustrial levels as anything beyond that will mean a burning of Africa;
  1. In Paris COP21, we demand that African governments defend positions that benefit Africans not the World Bank or corporations;
  1. We reject carbon markets, financialisation of land and natural resources, consumerism and commodification of nature, and all forms of carbon slavery;
  1. We reject all false solutions to climate change including, Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD), industrial tree plantations, genetic engineering, agrofuels and geoengineering, noting, for example, that clean coal does not exist;
  1. We reject the false notion of “green economy” that is nothing but a ploy to commodify and hasten the destruction of nature;
  1. Renewable energy that is socially controlled must be promoted across the continent.
  1. We call for the creation of financial systems that promote and facilitate clean energy options including by supporting subsidies, facilitated loans, research and development;
  1. We demand an end to financial systems built on extensive subsidies, externalisation of costs, over-optimistic projections, and corruption;
  1. We resolve to work towards reclaiming energy as a public good that is not for profit and reject corporations-driven energy systems;
  1. We say no to mining as we lived better without extreme extractive activities.
  1. Our land is our present and our future livelihood and we reject land grabbing in all its forms including particularly for so-called “investment” projects that are setting the path beyond land grabbing to a full continent grab;
  1. There must be full, transparent and prior informed consent of communities before the use of their lands for any sort of projects;
  1. In all cases the welfare of local communities and our environment must come be prioritised over the profits of investment companies.

In line with the above and through other considerations, the conference demands as follows:

  1. Governments must ensure that the energy needs and priorities of local households, local producers and women – including with regard to social services, transport, health, education and childcare – should be privileged over those of corporations and the rich;
  1. We demand that no new oil exploration permits or coal mines should be granted in order to preserve our environment and to keep in line with demands by science that fossil fuels be left in the ground if we are to avoid catastrophic climate change;
  1. We call for and support public and social control of the transition to renewable energy, including by community-based cooperatives, civil society collectives and the provision of local level infrastructure;
  1. Governments must dismantle the barriers of privilege and power including those created and reinforced by financial institutions such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank;
  1. We demand urgent technology transfer for clean energy production, the abolishment of intellectual property and increased research and development funds to tackle climate change;
  1. We demand full recognition of local community knowledge of forests, food production, medicinal and cultural uses of land and forests; funding of research in this area and use as part of the public education system;
  1. We demand an urgent transition from dirty energy forms to clean energy systems while ensuring that workers are properly equipped and provided with new healthy jobs created by this shift;
  1. Governments must support agro-ecological food production in the hands of small scale producers, prioritise food production over cash crops in order to promote food security in the context of food sovereignty;
  1. Governments to ensure the protection and recognition of farmers’ rights to save, sell and exchange their seeds while rejecting genetic engineering and synthetic biology, including of those seeds manipulated and presented as being climate smart;
  1. Ensure access, security, control, and right to use land for women. We recognise land as a common good;
  1. Tree plantations must not be misrepresented as forests and trees must not be seen simply as carbon stocks, sinks or banks;
  1. Community forest management systems should be adopted across the continent as communities have a genuine stake in preserving the health of forests;
  1. The right to clean water should be enshrined in the constitutions of all African countries;
  1. Governments must halt the privatisation of water and restore public control in already privatised ones;
  1. Governments should halt the building of big dams, other mega structures and unnecessary infrastructure;
  1. Governments should be responsible for holding corporations accountable for all environments degraded by ongoing or historical extractive and other polluting activities. Corporations who have created this contamination must pay to clean it up, but their payment does not constitute ownership of these environments;
  1. Governments to ensure the cost of social and health ills by using energy derived from fossil fuels are not externalised to the people and the environment;
  1. Governments must take up the responsibility of providing hospitals, schools and other social services and not leave these for corporations to provide as corporate social responsibility or other green washing acts.

Conference participants resolved to work with other movements in Africa and globally for the overturning of the capitalist patriarchal system promoted and protected by the global financial institutions, corporations and the global elite to secure the survival of humans and the rights of Mother Earth to maintain her natural cycles.

Signatures:

(A). Signers who participated in the meeting:

Lista

 

(B). Organisations that signed in solidarity after the meeting: 

  1. GRAIN
  2. COECOCEIBA – Friends of the Earth Costa Rica
  3. Friends of the Earth Latin America and the Caribbean (ATALC)
  4. Friends of the Earth Brasil
  5. Sobrevivencia – Friends of the Earth Paraguay
  6. Movimiento Madre Tierra – Friends of the Earth Honduras
  7. Otros Mundos Chiapas – Friends of the Earth México
  8. CESTA – Friends of the Earth El Salvador
  9. CEIBA – Friends of the Earth Guatemala
  10. CENSAT Agua Viva – Friends of the Earth Colombia
  11. NAPE – Friends of the Earth Uganda
  12. Russian Social Ecological Union / Friends of the Earth Russia
  13. Friends of the Siberian Forests Russia
  14. Oilwatch International
  15. Oilwatch Africa
  16. Carbon Trade Watch
  17. Chalimbana Headwaters Conservation Trust, Zimbabwe
  18. Gaia Foundation
  19. United Methodist Caretakers of God’s Creation.
  20. Mupo Foundation
  21. Surplus People Project
  22. Movimiento Mesoamericano contra el Modelo extractivo Minero ­M4
  23. The Inter­American Platform for Human Rights, Democracy and Development (PIDHDD)
  24. Holy Cross International Justice Office
  25. The Corner House
  26. Global Justice Now
  27. Biofuelwatch, UK/US
  28. Corporate Europe Observatory
  29. Woodland League (Ireland)
  30. Consumers Association of Penang (Malaysia)
  31. Institute for Policy Studies, Climate Policy Programme (USA)
  32. Earth in Brackets
  33. Grassroots International
  34. The Rules
  35. INT Lawyers (International Lawyers)
  36. Khulumani Support Group (South Africa)
  37. Global Forest Coalition
  38. World Rainforest Movement
  39. Young Friends of the Earth Europe
  40. CCFD-Terre Solidaire
  41. The Union Of Agriculture Work Committees (UAWC) in Palestine
  42. One Million Climate Jobs Campaign
  43. International Development Exchange (IDEX)
  44. Oilwatch Latin America
  45. Friends of the Earth Togo
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Climate Justice Now! Demands Social Justice at COP16

photo: Diana Cariboni/IPS

Source: Climate Justice Now!

Espanol debajo

CANCUN, MEXICO– Members of Climate Justice Now!, a global network of more than 140 movements and organizations committed to the fight for social, ecological and gender justice, spoke out this morning at the start of the 2010 16th Conference of the Parties (COP16) with their demands for the negotiations.

Climate Justice Now! (CJN!) seeks:

■“System change, not climate change,” a shift from business as usual in climate change mitigation.
■“Yes” to the Cochabamba Peoples’ Agreement, which includes a revocation of the Copenhagen Accord and consideration for the rights of Mother Earth.
■“No” to REDD, the United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (REDD).
■The inclusion of grassroots solutions into global intergovernmental policymaking.
Silvia Ribeiro, of ETC Group in Mexico, acknowledged the advancements made last spring at the Cochabumba Peoples Conference in Bolivia, a gathering of 35,000 participants from 142 countries. “We said clearly that we need real reductions at source,” she said, “not connected to market mechanisms or justifying the introduction of dangerous new technologies.”

Speaking out against World Bank involvement in climate mitigation, Lidy Nacpil, Regional Coordinator for the Asian Pacific Movement for Debt and Development and Jubilee South in the Philippines said, “The World Bank’s governance structures are undiplomatic. Developing countries are least represented inside the bank.

“Developing countries,” continued Nacpil, “contribute little to global emissions and therefore can contribute little to emission reductions—yet we suffer the brunt of the impacts.”

CJN! will hold its next press conference on Thursday, 2 December, 9:30- 10:00 a.m. in conference room 2, Luna, in the Aztec Expo Center at Moon Palace, Cancun, Mexico.

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Justicia Climática Ahora! Pide Justicia social en COP16

CANCÚN, MÉXICO – Miembros de Justicia Climática Ahora!, una red global de más de 140 movimientos y organizaciones comprometidas con la lucha social, ecológica y de género, habló esta mañana al inicio de la 16ª Conferencia de Partes (COP16) de 2010 sobre sus peticiones para las negociaciones.

Justicia Climática Ahora! (CJN! Por sus siglas en Ingles) busca:

■“Cambiemos el sistema, no el clima,” un cambio del negocio como de costumbre en la mitigación del cambio de clima.
■“Sí” al Acuerdo de los Pueblos de Cochabamba, que incluye una revocación al Acuerdo de Copenhagen y la consideración de los derechos de la Madre Tierra.
■“No” a REDD, el Programa Colaborativo de las Naciones Unidas para Reducir las Emisiones derivadas de la Deforestación y la Degradación de los Bosques en los Países en Desarrollo (REDD)
■La inclusión de soluciones de base en la formulación de políticas globales intergubernamentales.
Silvia Ribeiro, del Grupo ETC en México, reconoció los avances que se hicieron la pasada primavera en la Conferencia de los Pueblos de Cochabamba en Bolivia, una reunión de 35,000 participantes de 142 países. “Dijimos claramente que necesitamos reducciones verdaderas desde la fuente,” ella mencionó, “no conectadas a mecanismos de mercados o justificando la entrada de nuevas tecnologías peligrosas”

Hablando en contra de la participación del Banco Mundial en la mitigación climática, Lidy Nacpil, Coordinadora Regional del Movimiento de Asia y del Pacífico para la Deuda y el Desarrollo y del Jubileo Sur (Jubilee South) en Filipinas dijo, “Las estructuras del gobierno del Banco Mundial son poco diplomáticas. Los países en desarrollo son los menos representados dentro del Banco.”

“Los países en desarrollo,” continuó Nacpil, “contribuyen poco a las emisiones globales y por eso pueden contribuir poco a las reducciones de las emisiones- aún así sufrimos la parte más fuerte de los impactos.

Justicia Climática Ahora (CJN!) tendrá su siguiente conferecia de prence el Jueves, 2 de Diciembre, 9:30-10:00 a.m en la sala de conferencia 2, Luna, en el Aztec Expo Center en el Moon Palace, Cancún, México

Cancún COP16: Climate Justice Experts Available for Interviews

Voices of Climate-impacted People and Communities Amplified at UN Climate Conference in Cancún

Cancún, Mexico – Global Justice Ecology Project’s media team in Cancún at the UN Climate Convention is working closely with the Indigenous Environmental Network, Global Forest Coalition, Climate Justice Now!, ETC Group, Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives (GAIA), Grassroots Global Justice Alliance, Grassroots Solutions for Climate Justice North America, Global Exchange, and La Via Campesina.

Click here for a list of experts from these organizations available for interviews that are in Cancún

Global Justice Ecology Project will be sending press releases from the above organizations during the climate conference.

These and other allied groups draw attention to the root causes of the climate crisis and present ecologically appropriate climate solutions based in equity, human rights and community action.
Global Justice Ecology Project is providing extensive coverage of the climate conference on the Climate Connections blog.

Additional blogs covering the Cancún climate negotiations include:

http://www.peopleforestsrights.wordpress.com
http://www.redroadcancun.com (Indigenous Environmental Network)
http://ruckus.org/blog/ (Ruckus Society)
http://ggjalliance.org/blog (Grassroots Global Justice Alliance)
http://grassrootsclimatesolutions.net/blog (Grassroots Solutions for Climate Justice North America)
http://www.climate-justice-now.org/ (Climate Justice Now!)

Contact:
Jeff Conant jc@globaljusticeecology.org +52.998.165.7349 [English and Spanish]
Hallie Boas hallie@globaljusticeecology.org +52.998.165.7332 [English]
Orin Langelle orinl@globaljusticeecology.org +1.52.998.168.2997 [English]